Pisco (from Quechua: pisqu, little bird) is a strong, colorless grape brandy produced in Chile and Peru. It was developed by Spanish settlers in the 16th century as a cheaper alternative to orujo, a pomace brandy that was being imported from Spain.
Pisco takes its name from the conical pottery in which it was originally aged, which was also the name of one of the sites where it was produced: Pisco, Peru. The first vineyards were planted in the coastal valleys in the Viceroyalty of Peru, when vine plants arrived from the Canary Islands. Even though Spain imposed many restrictions on wine production and commerce, the wine-making industry developed rapidly, such as in the corregimientos of Ica. In modern times, it continues to be produced in winemaking regions of Peru and Chile. The right to produce and promote pisco has been the matter of legal disputes between Chile and Peru.